ALLAH does not change the state of people, until they change it themselves




وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

"and who restrain anger and who pardon the people - and Allah loves the doers of good;"

Zafar usko admi na janyega khwah ho kitna he sahib-e-fehm o zaka,
jisy aeysh mein yaade khuda na rahi jisy tesh mein khaufe khuda na raha!

Second special quality is when they (momineen and sadiqeen) deal with people who oppress them or make them suffer, they don't lose their temper with them, do not avenge them of their misbehavior and bad treatment, in fact they forgive them sincerely and do not stop here but go one step ahead by dealing with them in best of manners by giving them favours. There are 3 qualities in this single characteristic; control anger, forgiveness and treatment with favour. These 3 qualities of believers are referred to in next part of ayah.

وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

"and who restrain anger and who pardon the people - and Allah loves the doers of good;"

Imam Behqi Rehmatullaah Alyh narrates the example of Hazrat Sayedena Ali Razi Allahu Tala anhu in regard to this ayah.
He says: One of his (Hazrat Ali's) female servant was helping him in his ablution when suddenly bowl containing water (for this purpose) slipped from her hand and fell on Hazrat Ali R.A., soaking him all over. Anger was natural in this case and female servant knew it and dreaded it so she quickly recited the first part of this ayah;

وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ
"and who restraint anger.."

When Hazrat Ali R.A. heard it, he calmed himself and went silent (to control anger(a best medicine for it)) then she recited second part to ensure her forgiveness;

وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ
"and who pardon the people"

He told her, I forgave you. The servant was clever one, she didn't lose her chance and recited the last part;

وَاللَّـهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
in which advice about giving favour is provided. Hazrat Ali R.A. on hearing it set her free.

This is a higher degree to forgive people of their short givings. And its rewards are excessive.

Hazrat Muhammad sallallahu alaehi wasallam (PBUH)said:

"On judgement day, there will be a call from Allah that whoever has any right over Allah, come forward. On hearing this, people who had forgiven people's oppression over them will come forward."

There's another hadis (PBUH):

"whoever wants to have high palaces in jannah and high standard, should forgive those who did injustice to them and give presents to those who didn't give him anything and who meet those who broke (relations) with him"

Quran has emphasized on so many occasions to treat kindly with those who mistreated you. And ensured the believers that this way enemies become friends.
Allaah says in Quran:

وَلَا تَسْتَوِي الْحَسَنَةُ وَلَا السَّيِّئَةُ ۚ ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِي بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ حَمِيمٌ

"And not equal are the good deed and the bad. Repel [evil] by that [deed] which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity [will become] as though he was a devoted friend." (surah Fussilat:34)

Hazrat Mohammad PBUH has a very high regard, it is a blessing of his teachings that this practise was very common among his companions razi Allahu tala Anhum, who are glory of Islamic society.

May Allah subhana wa tala bless us with best of manners and may we be among blessed. Ameen.



  1. this was well written..its beautiful. so many chances Allah (SWT) gives to fellow followers. Thanks for a great post. Ramazan Khareem btw!!!

  2. @eva626: Barakillah. btw, it was translated from Ma'arif-ul-Quran, book of tafseer of Quran. :) Ramazan mabrook to you too.