الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ ﴿١٣٤﴾ وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا فَعَلُوا فَاحِشَةً أَوْ ظَلَمُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ ذَكَرُوا اللَّـهَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا لِذُنُوبِهِمْ وَمَن يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا اللَّـهُ وَلَمْ يُصِرُّوا عَلَىٰ مَا فَعَلُوا وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ ﴿١٣٥﴾ أُولَـٰئِكَ جَزَاؤُهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ وَجَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ وَنِعْمَ أَجْرُ الْعَامِلِينَ ﴿١٣٦﴾ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ سُنَنٌ فَسِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَانظُرُوا كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ ﴿١٣٧﴾ هَـٰذَا بَيَانٌ لِّلنَّاسِ وَهُدًى وَمَوْعِظَةٌ لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ
"Who spend [in the cause of Allah] during ease and hardship..." (ayah-134)
In these ayaah, characteristics of believers (momineen and muttaqeen)are indicated. There are lots of benefits in pointing out these. For example; Quran has stressed over the company of believers. It is pointed out in throughout Quran in different ayaah. such as: صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ
and other ayaah.
And since there are both good and bad people everywhere, it is necessary to point out good people so that people do not fall for false leaders and follow sadiqeen by knowing their authenticity, without any difficulty.
The above ayaah are divided into two parts: Rights of human beings and rights of Allaah.
By stating rights of fellow human beings over rights of Allah, a fact is stated. Rights of Allaah are above everything but there is a characteristic difference between both. In subjecting rights of humans over another, there is no benefit of Allaah in observing them; Allaah doesn't need them. There is no loss of Him if they be not observed. Its the benefit of human themselves if they obey Allaah. Also Allaah is most merciful and Kareem, if one is guilty of sins and repents with sincere heart, Allaah bestow His utmost blessings on him; in contrast to rights of humans which forgiveness is depended on humans. It's their own loss if one don't observe his duty towards his fellow beings. And its not easy to forgive own loss. That is why the rights of fellow humans are more important. Also, global peace and harmony is depended upon the observance of these rights. If it is not in sync, if a slight carelessness is committed, then it opens the door to war, discord etc. If ikhlaq-e-faazila are observed then enemies become friend. It had been common practise in earlier times of Islam.
First characteristic among rights of fellow beings is;
People who spend in good times and in difficult times. They spend more (in Allaah's way) when they have in abundance and they spend what they can when they are in difficult times. The idea of spending in difficult times has its hidden sagacity. It is hidayat for poor. They don't consider themselves free from this practise. when they spend in Allah's way in difficult times, Allaah provide them in abundance and also He doesn't freeze their hearts.
There is one more hikmat hidden in this ayah, Allaah spoke about spending not what to spend. This is another blessing for believers. They can spend what they can and claim great rewards for themselves in Akhirah.
In a hadith, Rasool Akram sallallahu alaehi wasallam said:
"Save yourselves from hell fire even by spending a date in charity; never return a man empty handed and if you don't have anything to give away then give goat's khur(feet of goat)"